CENTRAL GOVERNMENT RECRUITMENT AGENCIES : Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) AND Staff Selection Commission (SSC)
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) are the two designated recruitment agencies administered by the central government. While the UPSC is a Constitutional body set up under Article 315 of the Constitution, the Staff Selection Commission (SSC) has been set up by a Resolution of the Government and it has the status of an attached office of the Department of Personnel and Training
SET UP AND FUNCTIONS OF UNION PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSION
The Union Public Service Commission comprise a Chairman and ten Members. As on 11 December, 2008, the full complement of the Chairman and ten Members are in position. With effect from 1 May, 2007, the Chairman/Members of the Commission have been given the status of Chief Election Commissioner/Election Commissioner with regard to their pay and perquisites.
The UPSC makes recruitment for All India Service, Group ‘A’ Central Civil Services/posts, and Group ‘B’ Gazetted posts in ministries/ departments of the central government. The Commission also conducts the examination for recruitment of Commissioned officers in the Defence forces. Some union territories (UTs) also avail the services of the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to the posts under the UT.
The functions of the Commission are as specified in Article 320 of the Constitution. Article 323 of the Constitution provides for submission of an Annual Report on its working by the Commission and its laying before the Parliament by the Government.
The latest (58th) Annual Report of the UPSC was laid on the Table of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha on 10 and 11 December, 2008 respectively.
During the period 1 April, 2007 to 31 March, 2008, under the recruitment through examination method, the Commission conducted 13 examinations, nine for recruitment to civil services/posts and four for Defence Services; a total of 10,99,634applications were received and processed; 4,184 candidates interviewed for civil services/posts (interviews for Defence Services were conducted by SSB of Ministry of Defence) and 2,889 candidates recommended for appointment to various posts, 1,466 for civil services/posts and 1,423 for Defence Services/Posts. During this period, the Commission revised the scheme of the Combined Medical Services Examination to be effective from the Combined Medical Services Examination, 2008. During this period, it was also decided to increase the number of attempts in Civil Services Examinations for general category differently-abled candidates from four to seven to be effected from the Civil Services Examination, 2008. During this period, the syllabi prescribed for General Studies papers and all the optional papers except the literature papers of Languages under the scheme of Civil Services (Main) Examination were revised in consultation with academic experts. The revised syllabus has been given effect from the Civil Services Examination, 2008.The UPSC has displayed in its website various details about its working and matters relating to the examinations conducted by it. The UPSC has also an Information and Facilitation
Counter to help the candidates for any queries and submission of applications, etc.
The Parliamentary Standing Committee for Personnel, Public Grievances, Law and Justice has taken up the subject of ‘Working of UPSC’ and the Committee took oral evidence of Senior Officers from the Department of Personnel and Training and the UPSC through few sessions of meetings. The report of the Committee is yet to be received.